Protagoras lived during a time when Athens had entered into its Golden Age of learning and culture. As it had become a cultural center, Athens attracted people from all over the surrounding regions. Those who were well versed in the broadly democratic principles, which governed the local political landscape, were able to gain from profitable business endeavors.
Protagoras had made a name for himself as a scholar and climbed the social hierarchy to a level where he served as a recognized adviser to the state.
1. Protagoras’ early life.
Protagoras was born in what is the North-East part of modern day Greece. He was known as a teacher and traveled the constantly. Eventually, he settled in Athens and became and adviser to the sovereign who got him to write the constitution of Thurii in 444BC.
2. What did Protagoras conclude?
Protagoras believed it was impossible to know anything about God or about the creation of the universe. As a result, it is believed that his books were burned.
Protagoras’s key works include:
1. On The Gods
3. On Being
4. The Art of Controversy
5. On Mathematics
6. On the State
7. On Ambition
8. On Virtues
9. On the Original State of Things
What remains of Protagoras’ works are mere fragments and much of what we know about him comes from the dialogues of Plato, who discussed his conclusions extensively.