Moses Maimonides was born into a Jewish family in what was once Muslim Spain. He was educated in both Hebrew and Arabic.
When the Berber Almohad dynasty came to power, however, the Maimonides family fled and eventually settled in Cairo where Moses became a prominent rabbinic Judge.
Maimonides primarily wrote on Jewish law and Aristotelian thought. In both areas, his main focus was in asserting that ascribing human features to God is flawed reasoning.
According to Maimonides, the most flawed approach to any discussion on God is to take the writings in the Torah and interpret them in a literal way. He goes as far as saying that all Jews with such literal opinions should be excluded from the Jewish community.