Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi was born in a province of the Persian Empire. When the Mongol invasion became a threat to the region, Rumi’s family resettled in Anatolia present day Turkey.

In Anatolia, Rumi was influenced by two Persian poets which lead to him devoting much of his life to writing poetry in both Persian and Arabic.

Rumi eventually became the master of a Sufi order, emphasizing emotional interpretations of the Qur’an. And it is his followers who founded the Mawlawi Order of Sufism, famous for its Whirling Dervishes.