Epicurus lived in a time when ancient Greece had reached a golden age of philosophical thought.

The ideas of Plato and Aristotle were becoming firmly rooted into ancient Greek culture. In fact, Epicurus was taught in the ways of philosophy by one of Plato’s pupils.

And even though philosophy of that age was moving toward ethics and away from metaphysics, Epicurus aligned his ideas with those of Socrates.

1. What was Epicurus’ philosophy all about?
In the foundation of his teachings, Epicurus established that tranquility is the goal of life. He asserted that good and evil originate in what we perceive as pleasure and pain. He believed that attributes like virtue and justice are derived on that foundation as well.

“It is impossible to live a pleasant life without living wisely, honorably, and justly, and it is impossible to live wisely, honorably, and justly without living pleasantly”.

2. What did Epicurus conclude?
Epicurus concluded that the highest form of pleasure can only be derived when one shows moderation or self-restraint. To attain the greatest pleasure in life, one must do so through knowledge and friendship while detaching oneself from fear completely.