Averroes is the European name of Islamic philosopher Ibn Rushd. He was born in what is present day Spain during the time when Muslim culture dominated the region.
Averroes was born into a prominent family of lawyers who were also trained in science and philosophy. The prominence of his family and friends eventually lead him to meet the Caliph of Muslim Spain who recognized Averroes’ potential and appointed him judge and court physician.
It turned out that the Caliph shared an interest of Aristotelian philosophy with Averroes, and commissioned him to produce a series of works that paraphrased Aristotle’s writings in plain language for the common man.
Public opinion, however, didn’t agree with Averroes’ unorthodox philosophy which lead to a ban on his books.